The turn of the 20th century witnessed the creation of the world’s first two schools of tropical medicine. The Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine admitted its first student in May of 1899, and the London School of Tropical Medicine, which eventually became the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, six months later . At the beginning, the two British tropical medicine schools were founded on different principles. The Liverpool School was built to provide medical support for a vigorous shipping trade between Liverpool, one of England’s most active ports, and the coasts of Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean. Launched with an initial gift from Alfred Lewis Jones, who made his fortune from shipping interests in West Africa and elsewhere, the majority of the Liverpool School’s patients who were admitted to the tropical ward of its affiliated Royal Southern Hospital worked in the shipping trade. From 1899 until the outbreak of World War I a cornerstone of the Liverpool School was expeditions financed by the Suez Canal Company, the Panama Canal Commission, and other overseas shipping concerns. The London School had a somewhat different focus. Established through the force of personality of Sir Patrick Manson (“the father of tropical medicine”), the London School’s original mission was to train general colonial medical officers employed in the services of a vast British empire, which included the military and the Indian Medical Service. By the early 1900s, it was estimated that 10% or more of British physicians were employed as overseas practitioners.